Legacy dEMG System Publications

Interested in learning more?

Read our peer-reviewed publications for more technical details about decomposition, validation, error reduction and much more.

Independent Verification
Technical Articles
Application-Specific Articles

Independent Verification

Hu X, Rymer WZ, Suresh NL, Accuracy assessment of a surface electromyogram decomposition system in human first dorsal interosseus muscle. Journal of Neural Engineering, 11(2), 2014. PMID: 24556614.

Hu X, Rymer WZ, Suresh NL. Assessment of validity of A High-Yield Surface Electromyogram Decomposition. J Neuroeng Rehabil 23;10(1):99. 2013. PMID: 24059856.

Hu X, Rymer WZ, Suresh NL. Motor Unit Pool Organization Examined via Spike Triggered Averaging of the Surface Electromyogram. J Neurophysiol  110(5):1205-20. 2013. PMID: 23699053.

Hu X, Rymer WZ, Suresh NL. Reliability of spike triggered averaging of the surface electromyogram for motor unit action potential estimation. Muscle Nerve 48(4): 557-70, 2013. PMID: 23424086.

Technical Articles

De Luca CJ, Nawab SH, Kline JC. Clarification of methods used to validate surface EMG decomposition algorithms as described by Farina et al. (2014). J Appl Physiol 118(8), 2015. PMID: 25878218.

De Luca CJ, Chang SS, Roy SH, Kline JC, and Nawab SH. Decomposition of Surface EMG Signals from Cyclic Dynamic Contractions. J Neurophysiol 113(6):1941-51, Mar 2015. PMID: 25540220.

KlineJC and De Luca CJ. Error Reduction in EMG Signal Decomposition. Journal of Neurophysiology. 112(11):2718-28, PMID: 25210159.

De Luca CJ, Roy S, Chang SS. Tracking Motor Unit Firings during Dynamic Cyclic Contractions. The 7thWorld Congress of Biomechanics, Boston, July 2014.

De Luca CJ and Nawab SH. Reply to Farina and Enoka: The Reconstruct-and-Test Approach Is the Most Appropriate Validation for Surface EMG Signal Decomposition to Date. Journal of Neurophysiology, 105: 983-984, 2011.

Nawab SH, Chang SS, and De Luca CJ. High-yield decomposition of surface EMG signals. Clinical Neurophysiology, 121(10):1602-1615, 2010.PMID: 20430694.

Nawab SH, Chang SS, and De Luca CJ. Surface EMG Signal Decomposition Using Empirically Sustainable BioSignal Separation Principles. The 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, Minneapolis, September 2009. PMID: 19964658.

Chang SS, De Luca CJ, and Nawab SH. Aliasing Rejection in Precision Decomposition of EMG Signals.The 30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, Vancouver, August 2008. PMID: 19163833.

De Luca CJ, Adam A, Wotiz R, Gilmore LD, and Nawab SH. Decomposition of surface EMG signals. Journal of Neurophysiology, 96: 1646-1657, 2006.

Application-Specific Articles

Sterczala AJ, Miller JD, Trevino MA, Dimmick HL, Herda TJ. Differences in the motor unit firing rates and amplitudes in relation to recruitment thresholds during submaximal contractions of the first dorsal interosseous between chronically resistance trained and physically active men. Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism. 2018 Feb 26.

Miller JD, Sterczala AJ, Trevino MA, Herda TJ. Examination of muscle composition and motor unit behavior of the first dorsal interosseous of normal and overweight children. Journal of Neurophysiology. 2018 Feb 7.

Lei Y, Suresh NL, Rymer WZ, Hu X. Organization of the motor-unit pool for different directions of isometric contraction of the first dorsal interosseous muscle. Muscle & Nerve. 2018 Jan;57(1):E85-E93.

Hight RE, Beck TW, Bemben DA, Black CD. Adaptations in antagonist co-activation: Role in the repeated-bout effect. PLoS One. 2017 Dec 7;12(12):e0189323.

McManus L, Hu X, Rymer WZ, Suresh NL, Lowery MM. Motor Unit Activity during Fatiguing Isometric Muscle Contraction in Hemispheric Stroke Survivors. Frontiers of Human Neuroscience. 2017 Nov 24;11:569.

Sterczala AJ, Herda TJ, Miller JD, Ciccone AB, Trevino MA. Age-related differences in the motor unit action potential size in relation to recruitment threshold.Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging. 2017 Jul 24.

Miller JD, Herda TJ, Trevino MA, Sterczala AJ, Ciccone AB, Nicoll JX. Age-related differences in twitch properties and muscle activation of the first dorsal interosseous.Clinical Neurophysiology. 2017 Jun;128(6):925-934.

Dai C, Suresh NL, Suresh AK, Rymer WZ, Hu X. Altered Motor Unit Discharge Coherence in Paretic Muscles of Stroke Survivors. Frontiers in Neurology. 2017 May 15;8:202.

Miller JD, Herda TJ, Trevino MA, Sterczala AJ, Ciccone AB. Time-related changes in firing rates are influenced by recruitment threshold and twitch force potentiation in the first dorsal interosseous. Experimental Physiology. 2017 Aug 1;102(8):950-961.

Contessa P, De Luca CJ, Kline JC. The compensatory interaction between motor unit firing behavior and muscle force during fatigue.Journal of Neurophysiology. 2016 Oct 1;116(4):1579-1585.

Hu X, Suresh AK, Rymer WZ, Suresh NL. Altered motor unit discharge patterns in paretic muscles of stroke survivors assessed using surface electromyography. Journal of Neural Engineering. 2016 Aug;13(4):046025.

Pope ZK, Hester GM, Benik FM, DeFreitas JM. Action potential amplitude as a noninvasive indicator of motor unit-specific hypertrophy. J Neurophysiol May 2016. PMID: 26936975.

Trevino MA, Herda TJ, Fry AC, Gallagher PM, Vardiman JP, Mosier EM, Miller JD. The influence of the contractile properties of muscle on motor unit firing rates during a moderate contraction intensity in vivo. J Neurophysiol, May 2016. PMID: 27146989.

Silva MF, Dias JM, Pereira LM, Mazuquin BF, Lindley S, Jim Richards, Cardoso JR. Determination of the motor unit behavior of lumbar erector spinae muscles through surface EMG decomposition technology in healthy female subjects. Muscle & Nerve, May 2016. PMID: 27170098.

McManus LM, Hu X, Rymer WZ, Suresh NL, Lowery MM. Muscle fatigue increases beta-band coherence between the firing times of simultaneously active motor units in the first dorsal interosseous muscle. J Neurophysiol March 2016. PMID: 26984420.

Contessa P, Puleo A, De Luca CJ. Is the notion of central fatigue based on a solid foundation? J Neurophysiol February 2016 115:967-977. PMID: 26655823.

De Luca CJ, Kline JC. The common input notion, conceived and sustained by conjecture. J Neurophysiol February 2016 115:1079-1080. PMID: 26905085.

Herda TJ, Miller JD, Trevino MA, Mosier EM, Gallagher PM, Fry AC, Vardiman JP. The change in motor unit firing rates at derecruitment relative to recruitment is correlated with type I myosin heavy chain isoform content of the vastus lateralis in vivo. Acta Physiol (Oxf) 2015. PMID: 26513624.

Kline JC, De Luca CJ. Synchronization of Motor Unit Firings: An Epiphenomenon of Firing Rate Characteristics Not Common Inputs. J Neurophysiol.Oct 2015. PMID: 26490288.

Ye X, Beck TW, Wages NP. Influence of prolonged static stretching on motor unit firing properties. Muscle Nerve. Sept 2015. PMID: 26378724.

Hu X, Suresh AK, Rymer WZ, Suresh NL. Assessing altered motor unit recruitment patterns in paretic muscles of stroke survivors using surface electromyography. J Neural Eng. 12(6). Sept. 2015 PMID: 26402920.

McManus L, Hu X, Rymer WZ, Lowery MM, Suresh NL. Changes in motor unit behavior following isometric fatigue of the first dorsal interosseous muscle. J Neurophysiol 113(9):3186-96. May, 2015. PMID: 25761952.

Ye X, Beck TW, DeFreitas JM, Wages NP. Acute effects of dynamic exercises on the relationship between the motor unit firing rate and the recruitment threshold. Human Movement Sciences. 2015 Apr;40:24-37.

Ye X, Beck TW, Wages NP. Acute effects of concentric vs. eccentric exercise on force steadiness and electromyographic responses of the forearm flexors. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2015 Mar;29(3):604-11.

De Luca CJ, Contessa P. Biomechanical Benefits of the Onion-skin Motor Unit Control Scheme. Journal of Biomechanics, 48(2), Jan 2015. PMID: 25527890.

Ye X, Beck TW, Wages NP. Influences of dynamic exercise on force steadiness and common drive. Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions. 2014 Sep;14(3):377-86.

Stock MS, Thompson BJ. Effects of Barbell Deadlift Training on Submaximal Motor Unit Firing Rates for the Vastus Lateralis and Rectus Femoris. PLoS ONE 9(12), Dec 2014. PMID: 25531294.

Hu X, Rymer WZ, Suresh NL. Control of motor unit firing during step-like increases in voluntary force. Hum. Neurosci. 8:721, 2014. PMID: 25309395.

Trevino MA, Herda TJ, Cooper MA. The effects of poliomyelitis on motor unit behavior during repetitive muscle actions: a case report. BMC Research Notes 2014, 7:611. PMID: 25194883.

De Luca CJ and Kline JC. Statistically rigorous calculations do not support Common Input and Long-Term synchronization of motor unit firings. Journal of Neurophysiology. 112(11). Dec 2014. PMID: 25210152.

De Luca CJ, Kline JC, Contessa P. Transposed firing activation of motor units. J Neurophysiol, 12:962-970, Aug, 2014. PMID: 24899671.

Defreitas JM, Beck TW, Ye X, Stock MS. Synchronization of low- and high-threshold motor units. Muscle Nerve Jul 28, 2013. PMID: 23893653.

Zaheer F, Roy SH, De Luca CJ. Preferred Sensor Sites for Surface EMG Signal Detection. Physiological Measurement, 33(2), 2012. PMID: 22260842.

De Luca CJ and Contessa P. Hierarchical Control of Motor Units in Voluntary Contractions. Journal of Neurophysiology, 107(1): 178-195, 2012. PMID: 21975447.

De Luca CJ and Kline JC. Influence of proprioceptive feedback on the firing rate and recruitment of motorneurons. Journal of Neural Engineering, 9(1):016007, 2012. PMID: 22183300.

Stock WS, Beck TW, Defreitas JM. Effects of Fatigue on Motor Unit Firing Rate versus Recruitment Threshold Relationship. Muscle & Nerve, 45: 100-109, 2012. PMID: 22190315.

Beck TW, Kasishke PR 2nd, Stock MS, Defreitas JM. Eccentric exercise does not affect common drive in the biceps brachii. Muscle & Nerve, 46: 759-66, 2012. PMID: 22941727.

Beck TW, Stock MS, Defreitas JM. Effects of fatigue on intermuscular common drive to the quadriceps femoris. Int J Neurosci 122(10): 574-82, 2012. PMID: 22591395.

Hu X, Suresh AK, Li X, Rymer WZ, Suresh NL. Impaired motor unit control in paretic muscle post stroke assessed using surface electromyography: a preliminary report. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2012: 4116-9, 2012. PMID: 23366833.

Suresh N, Li X, Zhou P, Rymer WZ. Examination of Motor Unit Control Properties in Stroke Survivors Using Surface EMG Decomposition: A Preliminary Report. The 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, Boston, September 2011. PMID: 22256256.

Richards J, Selfe J. EMG Decomposition of Vastus Medialis and Vastus Lateralis in normal subjects and patellofemoral patients: A new way of assessing the balance of muscle function? International Patellofemoral Research Retreat, Ghent 31 August – September 2011.

Beck TW, DeFreitas JM, Stock MS, Dillon MA. Effects of resistance training on force steadiness and common drive. Muscle & Nerve, 43(2) 245-250, 2011. PMID: 21254090.

Beck TW, DeFreitas JM, Stock MS. The Effects of a Resistance Training Program on Average Motor Unit Firing Rates. Clinical Kinesiology, 65(1), 2011.

De Luca CJ, Hostage EC. Relationship between firing rate and recruitment threshold of motoneurons in voluntary isometric contractions. Journal of Neurophysiology, 104: 1034-1046, 2010. PMID: 20554838.